What is Compressive Strength Test of cement sand plaster? Purpose of Compressive Strength Test. How its perform? Explain details step to step procedure to perform Compressive Strength Test.
The compressive strength test of cement sand plaster is performed to determine the load-bearing capacity and strength of the plaster. It measures the maximum load that the plaster can withstand before it fails under compression. This test is crucial for assessing the structural integrity and durability of the plaster.
The purpose of the compressive strength test is to ensure that the plaster meets the required strength specifications, as specified in relevant standards or project requirements. It helps in evaluating the quality of the plaster mix, verifying its suitability for the intended application, and ensuring compliance with industry standards.
Here is a step-by-step procedure to perform the compressive strength test of cement sand plaster:
- Sample Preparation:
- Prepare a batch of plaster mix as per the required mix design and water-cement ratio.
- Ensure that the sample is well-mixed and homogeneous.
- Determine the dimensions of the test specimens, typically cubes or cylinders, based on the standard requirements or project specifications.
- Molding of Specimens:
- Clean and grease the interior surfaces of the mold to prevent adhesion of the plaster.
- Fill the mold with the prepared plaster mix, making sure to compact it properly to eliminate air voids.
- Level the surface of the mold using a trowel or straight edge.
- Allow the specimens to cure under controlled conditions, such as temperature and humidity, as per the recommended curing period.
- After the specified curing period, remove the specimens from the molds.
- Handle the specimens carefully to avoid any damage.
- Testing Machine Setup:
- Place the cured specimens in a compression testing machine, ensuring that the load is evenly distributed.
- Align the specimens properly in the testing machine to ensure a uniform application of the compressive force.
- Load Application:
- Gradually apply the compressive load to the specimen at a constant rate until failure occurs.
- Monitor the load and deformation throughout the test using the load and displacement measuring devices of the testing machine.
- Failure Observation:
- Note the maximum load at which the plaster specimen fails.
- Observe the failure mode, which could be crushing, cracking, or disintegration of the plaster.
- Calculate the compressive strength of the plaster using the maximum load and the cross-sectional area of the specimen.
- The compressive strength is calculated as the maximum load divided by the cross-sectional area: Compressive Strength = Maximum Load / Cross-sectional Area
- Record the test results, including the compressive strength value and any observations related to the failure mode or behavior of the plaster.
It is important to follow the relevant standards or specifications for conducting the compressive strength test to ensure accurate and reliable results. Additionally, the test should be performed in a controlled testing environment with calibrated equipment to maintain consistency and validity of the test outcomes.