What is Workability Test of cement sand plaster? How its perform? Explain details step to step procedure to perform Workability Test.
The workability test of cement sand plaster assesses the ease and consistency of the plaster mix during application. It measures the ability of the plaster to be spread, compacted, and adhere to the surface. The workability of plaster is crucial for achieving proper coverage, adhesion, and finishing.
Here is a step-by-step procedure to perform the workability test of cement sand plaster:
- Sample Preparation:
- Take a representative sample of the plaster mix, ensuring it is well-mixed and homogeneous.
- Determine the water-cement ratio as per the desired consistency of the plaster.
- Measure the required quantities of cement, sand, and water based on the mix design.
- Equipment Preparation:
- Prepare a flat, clean, and non-absorbent surface for the test.
- Keep a trowel or a scoop for handling the plaster mix.
- Have a stopwatch or timer available for recording the test duration.
- Test Procedure:
- Place the plaster mix on the test surface in a heap.
- With the help of a trowel or scoop, spread the plaster in a circular motion to form a cone-shaped pile.
- Repeat the spreading motion a few times until the pile takes a stable shape.
- Allow the plaster to settle for a brief period to remove any air voids.
- Start the stopwatch and carefully remove the excess plaster around the cone to make it smooth and even.
- Measure the diameter of the plaster cone at its widest point using a ruler or caliper.
- Record the initial diameter measurement as D1.
- Slump Determination:
- Lift the cone vertically, holding it from the base, in one quick motion.
- Allow the plaster to settle freely without any disturbance.
- After a few seconds, measure the final diameter of the settled plaster cone using the same method as before.
- Record the final diameter measurement as D2.
- Calculate the slump, which is the difference between the initial and final diameters: Slump = D1 – D2
- The slump value indicates the workability of the plaster. A higher slump value signifies better workability, indicating that the plaster is easier to spread and work with.
- The desired slump value depends on the specific application and project requirements. Different plaster mixes may have different slump ranges based on their intended use.
It is important to note that the workability test should be performed under controlled conditions, such as consistent temperature and moisture levels, to ensure accurate and comparable results. Additionally, it is essential to follow relevant standards or specifications for conducting the workability test to maintain consistency and reliability in the assessment of plaster workability.