What is Flexural Strength Test of cement sand plaster? Purpose of Flexural Strength Test. How its perform? Explain details step to step procedure to perform Flexural Strength Test.
The flexural strength test of cement sand plaster is conducted to assess its ability to resist bending or cracking under applied loads. It measures the maximum stress that the plaster can withstand before it fractures when subjected to a bending force. The test is crucial for evaluating the plaster’s resistance to flexural stresses and its overall structural integrity.
The purpose of the flexural strength test is to determine the plaster’s ability to withstand bending forces, which is particularly important in applications where the plaster is subjected to flexural or tensile stresses, such as in ceilings, walls, or decorative elements. This test helps ensure that the plaster meets the required strength specifications, allowing for a reliable assessment of its suitability for the intended application.
Here is a step-by-step procedure to perform the flexural strength test of cement sand plaster:
- Sample Preparation:
- Prepare a batch of plaster mix according to the desired mix design and water-cement ratio.
- Ensure the sample is well-mixed and homogeneous.
- Determine the dimensions of the test specimens, typically rectangular beams or prisms, based on the standard requirements or project specifications.
- Molding of Specimens:
- Clean and grease the interior surfaces of the mold to prevent adhesion of the plaster.
- Fill the mold with the prepared plaster mix, making sure to compact it properly to eliminate air voids.
- Level the surface of the mold using a trowel or straight edge.
- Allow the specimens to cure under controlled conditions, such as temperature and humidity, as per the recommended curing period.
- Specimen Preparation:
- After the specified curing period, remove the specimens from the molds.
- Prepare the specimens by smoothing any rough surfaces and ensuring uniform dimensions.
- Testing Machine Setup:
- Place the cured specimen on the supports of a flexural testing machine, ensuring a proper span length based on the specimen dimensions.
- Align the specimen correctly to ensure a uniform distribution of the bending load.
- Load Application:
- Gradually apply the bending load to the specimen at a constant rate until failure occurs.
- The load is typically applied at the midpoint of the specimen using a loading nose or a three-point bending setup.
- Monitor the load and deformation throughout the test using load and displacement measuring devices of the testing machine.
- Failure Observation:
- Note the maximum load at which the plaster specimen fails.
- Observe the failure mode, which could be cracking, fracture, or complete rupture of the plaster.
- Calculate the flexural strength of the plaster using the maximum load, span length, and the dimensions of the specimen.
- The flexural strength is calculated as the maximum load divided by the moment of inertia of the specimen: Flexural Strength = (3 × Maximum Load × Span Length) / (2 × Width × Height^2)
- Record the test results, including the flexural strength value and any observations related to the failure mode or behavior of the plaster.
It is crucial to follow the relevant standards or specifications for conducting the flexural strength test to ensure accurate and reliable results. Additionally, the test should be performed in a controlled testing environment with calibrated equipment to maintain consistency and validity of the test outcomes.