What is Welded Joints? Explain in detail of different types of Welded Joints.
Welded joints are connections in which two or more metal parts are joined together by the process of welding. Welding involves the fusion of the base metal at the joint, creating a strong and permanent bond. Different types of welded joints are used in various applications based on the specific requirements of the structure. Here are some common types of welded joints:
- Butt Joint: A butt joint is formed when two members are aligned in the same plane and their edges are joined together. In this joint, the welding is typically done on the external surfaces to achieve a full penetration weld. Butt joints are commonly used in structural applications where strength and integrity are crucial.
- Corner Joint: A corner joint is formed when two members meet at a right angle and their edges are joined together. Welding is performed on the external surfaces to create a fillet weld or a combination of fillet and groove welds. Corner joints are commonly used in the construction of frameworks, box structures, and other applications where rigidity is required.
- Lap Joint: A lap joint is formed when two overlapping members are joined together by welding. The edges of one member are placed on top of the other, and welding is performed along the length of the joint. Lap joints provide good strength and are often used in applications where the load is predominantly in tension.
- T-Joint: A T-joint is formed when one member is welded to the surface of another member in the shape of a “T.” The welding is typically done along the edges or at the intersection of the joint. T-joints are commonly used in structural connections where one member needs to be attached perpendicularly to another, such as the connection between beams and columns.
- Fillet Joint: A fillet joint is formed when two members are joined together at an angle, typically 90 degrees, with a fillet weld. The fillet weld is formed in the corner where the two members meet. Fillet joints are widely used in various applications and provide good strength and load-carrying capacity.
- Groove Joint: A groove joint is formed when two members are joined together using a groove weld. The edges of the members are shaped to create a groove or channel, and welding is performed in the groove to achieve the desired bond. Groove joints are used in applications where high strength and load-bearing capacity are required.
These are some of the common types of welded joints used in steel structures. The selection of the appropriate type of joint depends on factors such as the structural design, load requirements, material properties, and fabrication techniques. Welding procedures, including pre-weld preparations, welding techniques, and post-weld treatments, should follow industry standards and codes to ensure the integrity and quality of the welded joints.