### What is the design criteria of Welded Flange Plate Connection? Explain in details step by step procedure of a design of Welded Flange Plate Connection with required formula and an example of calculation.

The design criteria for a Welded Flange Plate Connection involve determining the required weld size, weld length, plate thickness, and flange dimensions to ensure the joint’s strength, stiffness, and integrity. Here is a step-by-step procedure for designing a Welded Flange Plate Connection:

Step 1: Identify the Joint Requirements Determine the specific requirements of the connection, including the applied loads, desired safety factor, material properties, flange dimensions, and any applicable design codes or standards.

Step 2: Determine the Applied Loads Identify the loads that will be applied to the connection, such as tension, compression, shear, or a combination of these forces. Determine the magnitude, direction, and distribution of these loads.

Step 3: Select the Weld Size Calculate the required weld size based on the applied loads, material properties, and design codes. The weld size is typically specified as the throat thickness or leg length of the weld. The formula to calculate the required weld size depends on the specific joint configuration and welding method being used.

Step 4: Determine the Weld Length Determine the required weld length based on the applied loads, plate thickness, and flange dimensions. The weld length should be sufficient to transfer the applied loads without excessive stress concentrations or failure modes.

Step 5: Determine the Plate Thickness Calculate the required plate thickness based on the applied loads, flange dimensions, and desired safety factor. The plate thickness should be sufficient to resist the applied loads without excessive deflection or deformation.

Step 6: Verify Joint Strength and Safety Perform a comprehensive design verification to ensure that the Welded Flange Plate Connection meets the desired strength and safety requirements. This includes checks for weld strength, plate strength, flange stability, and other connection details as per the design code provisions.

Example: Consider a Welded Flange Plate Connection connecting two flanges with an applied tension load of 100 kN. The weld material has an allowable stress of 300 MPa, and a safety factor of 2.0 is desired. The flange dimensions and plate thickness are known.

Step 1: Identify the Joint Requirements The joint requires a Welded Flange Plate Connection to transfer a tension load of 100 kN with a safety factor of 2.0.

Step 2: Determine the Applied Loads The applied load is a tension force of 100 kN.

Step 3: Select the Weld Size Assume a weld material with an allowable stress of 300 MPa. The required weld size depends on the joint configuration and welding method being used. Consult the applicable design codes or standards to determine the required weld size based on the specific joint configuration.

Step 4: Determine the Weld Length Determine the required weld length based on the applied load, plate thickness, and flange dimensions. The weld length should be sufficient to transfer the applied load without excessive stress concentrations or failure modes.

Step 5: Determine the Plate Thickness Calculate the required plate thickness based on the applied load, flange dimensions, and desired safety factor. The plate thickness should be sufficient to handle the applied load without excessive deflection or deformation.

Step 6: Verify Joint Strength and Safety Perform a comprehensive design verification, including checks for weld strength, plate strength, and flange stability, to ensure that the Welded Flange Plate Connection meets the desired safety and strength requirements.

Please note that this is a simplified example, and in actual design practice, it is essential to consider all relevant factors, consult with design codes or standards, and involve a qualified engineer to ensure a safe and efficient design.