### What is the design criteria of Fish Plate Splice Joint? Explain in details step by step procedure of a design of Fish Plate Splice Joint with required formula and an example of calculation.

A fish plate splice joint, also known as a rail joint or rail splice, is a type of connection used to join two sections of railway tracks. The design criteria for a fish plate splice joint will depend on the specific requirements of the railway system, including the type of tracks, the loads imposed on the tracks, the desired safety factors, and any applicable design codes or standards.

Here is a general step-by-step procedure for designing a fish plate splice joint:

Step 1: Identify the Joint Requirements Determine the specific requirements of the fish plate splice joint, including the type of tracks, the size of the rails, the applied loads, desired safety factor, material properties, and any applicable design codes or standards.

Step 2: Analyze the Splice Joint Geometry Analyze the geometry of the rails being joined, considering their cross-sections, length, and thickness. Determine the end preparations required for the fish plate splice joint, such as cutting the rail ends to a specific profile.

Step 3: Determine the Applied Loads Identify the loads that will be applied to the fish plate splice joint, such as the weight of the trains, dynamic loads, temperature changes, and lateral forces. Determine the magnitude, direction, and distribution of these loads.

Step 4: Calculate the Connection Strength Calculate the required strength of the fish plate splice joint based on the applied loads, material properties, and desired safety factor. This may involve calculations for tension or compression strength, depending on the loading conditions.

Step 5: Design the Fish Plate Based on the calculated connection strength, design the fish plate for the joint. Consider the material properties, thickness, length, and width of the fish plate. Ensure that the fish plate is capable of transferring the required forces between the rails.

Step 6: Verify Joint Strength and Safety Perform a comprehensive design verification to ensure that the fish plate splice joint meets the desired strength and safety requirements. This includes checks for the strength of the fish plate, rail stability, and any other relevant connection details as per the design code provisions.

Step 7: Detailing and Installation Considerations Prepare detailed drawings and specifications for the fish plate splice joint, including the location, dimensions, and installation requirements for the fish plate. Consider constructability, accessibility, and any additional requirements for joint detailing and installation, such as bolt tightening torque.

Please note that the above steps are a general guideline, and the actual design process may vary depending on the specific project requirements and design standards. It is important to consult with a qualified engineer and refer to the appropriate design codes and standards for a complete and accurate design of a fish plate splice joint.

As an example, let’s consider the design of a fish plate splice joint for two railway tracks:

Step 1: Identify the Joint Requirements Assume we have two railway tracks with known properties and dimensions that need to be joined by a fish plate splice joint.

Step 2: Analyze the Splice Joint Geometry Analyze the geometry of the tracks, considering their cross-sectional dimensions, such as rail height, base width, and web thickness. Determine the end preparations required for the fish plate splice joint, such as cutting the rail ends to a specific profile.

Step 3: Determine the Applied Loads Determine the applied loads on the fish plate splice joint, such as the weight of the trains, dynamic loads, temperature changes, and lateral forces.

Step 4: Calculate the Connection Strength Calculate the required connection strength based on the applied loads, material properties, and desired safety factor. This may involve calculations for tension or compression strength, depending on the loading conditions.

Step 5: Design the Fish Plate Design the fish plate to transfer the required forces between the rails. Consider the material properties, thickness, length, and width of the fish plate.

Step 6: Verify Joint Strength and Safety Perform a design verification to ensure that the fish plate splice joint meets the desired strength and safety requirements. Check the strength of the fish plate, rail stability, and other relevant connection details as per the design code provisions.

Step 7: Detailing and Installation Considerations Prepare detailed drawings and specifications for the fish plate splice joint, including the location, dimensions, and installation requirements for the fish plate. Consider constructability, accessibility, and any additional requirements for joint detailing and installation.

Please note that this example provides a general overview of the design process for a fish plate splice joint. The specific calculations and design details will vary depending on the railway system requirements, material properties, and applicable design codes. Consulting with a qualified engineer and referring to the appropriate design standards is crucial to ensure a safe and accurate design of a fish plate splice joint.