What is Flange-Plate Splice Joint Joint

What is Flange-Plate Splice Joint Joint? Explain in details step by step procedure to make a Flange-Plate Splice Joint with example and application.

A flange-plate splice joint, also known as a bolted flange connection, is a type of connection used to join two structural members, typically steel beams, end-to-end. It involves bolting a flange plate to the flanges of the beams, providing strength and continuity to the structure. The flange-plate splice joint is commonly used in applications where welding may not be feasible or desired. Here is a step-by-step procedure for making a flange-plate splice joint:

Step 1: Design and Calculation

  • Determine the loads and forces acting on the structure, including axial loads, shear forces, and bending moments.
  • Calculate the required size and strength of the beams, flange plates, and bolts based on the applied loads, material properties, and design criteria.
  • Determine the required number and arrangement of bolts for the connection.

Step 2: Preparation

  • Gather the necessary materials, including the steel beams, flange plates, bolts, nuts, and washers.
  • Ensure that the surfaces to be bolted are clean and free from rust, oil, paint, or any other contaminants.
  • Prepare the bolted connection by drilling the necessary bolt holes in the flange plates and beams.

Step 3: Alignment and Fit-Up

  • Position the beams in alignment with each other, ensuring proper orientation and contact between the flanges.
  • Use clamps or temporary tack welds to hold the beams in position during the connection process.
  • Ensure that the flange plates are properly aligned with the flanges of the beams.

Step 4: Flange Plate Installation

  • Place the flange plates against the flanges of the beams, ensuring proper alignment and fit.
  • Mark the positions for bolt holes on the flanges and flange plates.
  • Remove the flange plates and drill the necessary bolt holes in the flanges and flange plates according to the marked positions.

Step 5: Bolted Connection

  • Position the flange plates against the flanges of the beams, aligning the bolt holes.
  • Insert bolts through the holes, placing washers and nuts on the opposite side of the flange plates.
  • Tighten the nuts using an appropriate torque wrench or other tightening method, ensuring proper tension in the bolts.
  • Follow the recommended tightening sequence and torque values specified by the design standards.

Step 6: Quality Control

  • Inspect the bolted connection visually to ensure the flange plates are properly aligned and tightened.
  • Verify the dimensions and overall quality of the connection according to the design specifications.
  • Conduct any required testing or inspections as per industry standards and project requirements to ensure the integrity and strength of the connection.

Example and Application: Flange-plate splice joints are commonly used in various applications, including:

  • Steel structures: Flange-plate splice joints are widely used in steel buildings, bridges, and industrial structures where the connection between steel beams needs to be made using bolted connections.
  • Crane runway beams: In crane systems, flange-plate splice joints can be used to join the runway beams, providing strength and continuity to support heavy loads and ensure stability.
  • Industrial platforms and walkways: Flange-plate splice joints are used to connect structural members in industrial platforms, walkways, and mezzanines, providing a secure and rigid connection.

It is important to consult design specifications and follow recommended practices when selecting and installing flange-plate splice joints to ensure they meet the specific requirements of your application and adhere to relevant codes and standards.

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