Types of Construction Contracts

1 – Lumpsum Contract In a lump sum contract, the engineer or/and contractor agrees to do the specified project for a fixed price. Also called “fixed fee contracts,” these are often used for engineering ventures.A lump sum or fixed fee contract is appropriate if the scope and schedule of the project are sufficiently defined to allow the consulting engineer to […]

Electrical Thumb Rules-(Part 1).

Cable Capacity: • For Cu Wire Current Capacity (Up to 30 Sq.mm) = 6X Size of Wire in Sq.mm • Ex. For 2.5 Sq.mm=6×2.5=15 Amp, For 1 Sq.mm=6×1=6 Amp, For 1.5 Sq.mm=6×1.5=9 Amp • For Cable Current Capacity = 4X Size of Cable in Sq.mm ,Ex. For 2.5 Sq.mm=4×2.5=9 Amp. • Nomenclature for cable Rating = Uo/U • where Uo=Phase-Ground […]

Construction projects experience cost overruns

Why do many construction projects experience cost overruns ranging from 10% to over 100%, and how can these overruns be rectified? The prevalence of cost overruns in construction projects is a significant issue, resulting in millions of dollars in losses for the industry annually and the wastage of valuable engineering and construction labor resources. This problem is particularly common in […]

Aligning the Primavera P6 program with actual site conditions

Aligning the Primavera P6 program with actual site conditions entails updating the project schedule to reflect the current progress and circumstances on the construction site. This ensures the program accurately mirrors the project’s status, facilitating effective project management. Here’s how you can synchronize the Primavera P6 program with real site conditions: Aligning the Primavera P6 program with real site conditions […]

MEP Design Guidelines of Pressurized Air Compressor Rooms in Hot & Humid Climates.

The area designated for compressors, known as the compressor room, constitutes a crucial component of the compressed air system. It may be a specialized room solely for compressor use or a multifunctional space. Regardless, specific criteria should be met to optimize the compressor setup. Centralizing the compressor plant is generally recommended, as it offers diverse advantages across industries. This approach […]

Clearing the Air is the Critical Role of HVAC Systems.

Clearing the Air: The Critical Role of HVAC Systems in Battling Indoor Contamination Our homes and workplaces, intended as sanctuaries, can become breeding grounds for contaminants if HVAC systems are not properly maintained. This article explores the hidden dangers within HVAC systems and their impact on indoor air quality (IAQ). The Cooling Tower Threat: A Breeding Ground for Microbes Research […]

Air Curtains to Keeping the Climate Controlled and Pests Out.

Air curtains, also known as air doors, are devices designed to create an invisible barrier of air over an opening, such as a doorway or window. This barrier serves to separate two environments with differing temperatures or atmospheres while facilitating the flow of traffic. Here’s an overview of where air curtains are used, tips for selecting the right one, and […]

What is Camber term used in structural engineering?

Camber, a term commonly used in structural engineering, refers to the intentional curvature or slight upward bend incorporated into a beam or structural member. This curvature serves to counteract the deflection or sagging that may result from the load applied to the structure. Camber plays a pivotal role in structural design, offering several advantages and influencing the behavior of the […]

Planning Engineering interview questions and answers

Question-1: What is a Base Project Schedule? Answer: A baseline is an approved program by both parties which is used as a benchmark to measure the progress of a project. Question-2: What is the Main Driver of a Project and how you will get it? Answer: The main driver consists of the significant activities that are driving the project at […]